Conservation of Magnolias from Chiapas and Guatemala

Conservation of Magnolias from Chiapas and Guatemala

In-situ and ex-situ conservation of three endangered Magnolia species from Chiapas and Guatemala

Partners: Botanical Garden Dra. Luz Maria Villareal de Puga, Guadalajara University
Years: 2020-2022

Magnolia montebelloensis (Photo: Martha Elena Gonzalez Villegas)

The project targets natural populations of two Critically Endangered magnolias (M. faustomirandae and M. montebelloensis) severely affected by deforestation and habitat fragmentation in Chiapas. It also targets M. quetzal, Endangered and restricted to Guatemala with known distribution of less than 4 km2.

The project focuses on various aspects:
1) research required to document the distribution of both species,
2) understanding population stability and genetic diversity,
3) monitoring of population dynamics,
4) development of the detailed in-situ conservation management plan,
5) ex-situ propagation of target species,
6) establishment of ex-situ live collections in botanical gardens,
7) reinforcement of natural populations by re-introduction of young trees cultivated in plant nurseries,
8) reforestation of suitable habitats close to known populations,
9) community workshops highlighting the value of the target species, developing capacity through conservation-related activities, and promoting participation in ecosystem services programs,
10) elaboration of a conservation framework and protocol for other Magnolia species in the Neotropics.